Officials say a student at Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology in Terre Haute has mumps, and some Indiana State University students attended a party last month with that individual. Indiana State is also in Terre Haute. Mumps is a contagious viral infection that typically starts with flu-like symptoms including fever, followed by swelling of the salivary glands. The CDC says mumps were once common in infants, children and young adults, but because most people have been vaccinated, it's become rare in the United States.
From the Vigo County Health Department:
MUMPS HEALTH ADVISORY
In Vigo County, a diagnosed case of mumps and at least six “probable cases” of mumps has been confirmed by the Vigo County Health Department. Reports under investigation range in age from 17 to 50, most individuals involved report having received age-appropriate vaccinations.
Because of the resurgence of mumps in the Midwest, Joni Wise, administrator for the Vigo County Health Department, states the public needs to be aware they may be at risk of contracting the contagious disease. Health Department officials are working to identify those most at risk from exposure.
Vigo County Health Department officials are making the following recommendations and based on information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College Health Association:
· People born before 1957 are considered immune to mumps because exposure to the disease was common when they were young. Those born during or after 1957 should check to see if they have had two MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) immunizations or have had mumps.
· If you have not been immunized with two doses of MMR and have not had mumps, it is recommended that you contact your health care practitioner for appropriate immunization.
· The vaccine is not 100 percent effective, so some cases might occur in people who have been vaccinated. The effectiveness of the MMR vaccine is 80 percent after one dose and 90 percent after the second dose
Mumps, which is a viral infection, typically starts with a few days of fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, and loss of appetite. After that, symptoms include salivary gland swelling, in one or both glands. Symptoms typically appear 16-18 days after infection, but this period can range from 12-25 days after infection. There is no cure or specific treatment for mumps, but bed rest, fluid intake and fever reduction is recommended to reduce symptoms. Most mumps transmission likely occurs before the salivary glands begin to swell an within the 5 days after the swelling begins. Therefore, health officials recommend isolating mumps patients for 5 days after their glands begin to swell.
If you are pregnant or have a compromised immune system, please consult your physician. Healthcare providers should report all suspect cases to the local health department where the patient resides. “If you believe that you may have been exposed to someone who has experienced mumps like symptoms, call the Vigo County Health Department at (812) 462-3431,” said Wise. “Our public health nurses can answer your questions and evaluate your need for additional follow-up.”